Who are the Sudanese

We are the generation that is lost in translation, literary. I often find myself debating the Sudanese culture with other Sudanese friends, trying to pin-point what makes us Sudanese, or, what makes our culture unique as Sudanese people.
The answer I keep coming up with is, well…peanuts.
I feel like Sudan has always been suffering an identity crisis. Are we Arabs, or Africans? The question remains unanswered, and I am ok with that. Maybe we are just Sudanese. Maybe we don’t need to belong in a group. Maybe we fall in the ever so popular “It’s complicated” category.
But people keep talking about culture. And I say that Sudan has no culture of its own. Maybe it’s just the word culture that bothers me.
The definition of the world culture is pretty much this: An integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for symbolic thought and social learning.
Sudan holds such a diverse collection of ethnicities, religions and beliefs that it’s almost impossible to set a pattern of anything from it. We are like a creature that has half its body in the water and the other half on land. But its still a very happy creature, most of the time. I get an image of a big seal, laying in the sun and flapping its tail in the water.
A friend snapped at me and said well the Sudanese are known to be very generous and very welcoming. I said that is a common trait in the Arab world, and it does not define us as a culture.
“You mean like the Italians and pizza?”
“No,” I answered “I mean like the Egyptians and Heliopolis, the pharos. Or Japan and its Samurai, or”
“China and its food”
“Well maybe”
“Men are whipped in some tribes at their wedding”
“Men are whipped at their weddings everywhere hun,” I said smiling “and yes I know what you mean, but that’s an African thing. It happens all over West Africa, it is not a Sudanese thing”
“Darfur” she finally said “and peanuts”
Also known as “Fool” or “Al-fool al-Sudani” or in some places “Slave peanuts” and then the other thing that we are now known for.

I wonder why the Sudanese pyramids at the ancient city of Meroe aren’t famous. I wonder why no one made a big deal about the English invasion of Sudan like they did of India’s. I wonder who is responsible for this chaos. I wonder if it’s the people, the geographical location, or the leadership.
I wonder maybe we didn’t write enough books, made enough art. I wonder maybe we didn’t have enough resources. I wonder about refugee camps and ethnic cleansing campaigns. I wonder about sands soaked in children’s blood, and a helpless mass of parents watching horrible things.

At some point I will no longer wonder, and I will begin to fear the one word that will mark Sudan will be genocide instead of peanuts. It will be war instead of culture. It will be anarchy instead of generosity and hospitality. The question remains, what is it that truly defines us, and unites us as one other than political and ecological borders?

By Badri Salih: http://badrisalih.blogspot.co.uk/2010/09/who-are-sudanese.html

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Sudanese Bloggers


The following is the most complete and up-to-date list of Sudanese bloggers you’re ever going to find. Some are active, but others sadly no longer blog much. Either way, enjoy reading their musings on Sudan and everything else they’ve written about so far.

Also, if you know a Sudanese blog that’s not included in the list, please add it in the comments section below so I can become aware of it and include it here. (Last update on October 12th, 2011.)

Beace, my beebull.

Sudanese Bloggers (writing mostly in English)

  1. Adil Abdalla
  2. AK
  3. Ajaa Anyieth
  4. Amjad
  5. Aperadosoni
  6. Ayman ElKhidir
  7. Bin Mugahid
  8. Blackboard Redemption
  9. Black Dahlia
  10. Black Gay Arab
  11. Black Kush
  12. Brownie
  13. D3à Bin Kar
  14. Daana Lost In Translation
  15. Drastic Hypothesis
  16. El-Africanist
  17. Fluent-Sudani
  18. H. Tai
  19. Hashim Arbaji
  20. Hipster
  21. Ibrahim Mamoun
  22. Jah Guide
  23. Jamila Elgizuli
  24. John Akec
  25. Konyokonyo Clinic
  26. Mimz
  27. Mr. Man
  28. Mo Elzubeir
  29. Moez Ali
  30. MoKotkot
  31. Muhanned: Life in Sudan
  32. Nesrine Malik
  33. Noon Globally
  34. Nyx
  35. Path2Hope
  36. Precious
  37. Rara Avis’s Realm
  38. Reem Shawkat – Kizzie
  39. Sudan Ease
  40. Sudan Fairytale
  41. Sudan In My Dreams
  42. Sudanese Future
  43. Sudanese Nectar
  44. Sudanese Optimist
  45. Sudanese Returnee
  46. Sudani4eva
  47. Talal Nayer
  48. The Princess of Forests
  49. The Sudanese American
  50. Waad Ali
  51. Yousif Magdi
  52. Zoulcolmx
  53. Zoya

Sudanese Bloggers (writing mostly in Arabic)

  1. Amna Mukhtar
  2. Ayman Haj
  3. Emad Aldeen Aldabagh
  4. Eman J
  5. Hammour Ziada
  6. Harith’s Space!
  7. Khalid Nour
  8. Salah286
  9. Maialkheir’s Blog
  10. Mohammed Eltilib
  11. Mohammed Hassan
  12. Omer Mahgoub
  13. Zulfo


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25 Photos to Remind You How Beautiful Sudan Is

For a country that is ridden with woes and troubles, it is very easy to forget how beautiful Sudan can be.

Neighboring Egypt and with some of the most virgin beaches and destinations, here’s a reminder of Sudan’s breathtaking beauty.


The Khatmiyya Sufi Mosque

Jebel Marra (Via)

Jebel Marra Waterfalls (Via)

Dinder National Park





The Nile (Via)

Meroe Pyramids (Via)

Northern Sudan via








The Red Sea (Via)

The Red Sea (Via)






Read more: 25 Photos to Remind You How Beautiful Sudan Is http://scoopempire.com/photos-beautiful-sudan/#ixzz3ArMVumnz 
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To Lack of Ambition

As a young Sudanese male having not grown up in Sudan I have always enjoyed my holidays back in the motherland. I look forward to them all year long and the anticipation builds and grows immensely.


There is no greater feeling than that of landing in Khartoum and being greeted by that blast of hot air as soon as the airplane opens its doors and you get your first breath of Sudanese air.

Unknown-4Having spent so long imaging and building up to this moment, built up plans and outlines and so I always make sure I make the most of my time. Get involved in everything I get my hands on and make sure to make the most of it all.


I’m quite a forward thinker, enjoy developing my knowledge, building new skills. So in the back of my mind I always think of making my holidays productive rather than pleasurable because I know I the what ifs and opportunities that could be pursing back home in England. I have always enjoyed work and training opportunities and these have become ever more clear in this recession age that we live in so that is always my priority when I get to Sudan.


It would seem to be however that the Sudanese mentality generally speaking are more laid back and chilled out by this whole concept. I have had a little work experience across a few sectors and companies and what strikes me is the ambitionless nature of the Sudanese psyche, and the shallowness of looking at career progression.


Whenever I started any training or internship position I was always excited and optimistic and went in ready to learn with an open mind. Like a sponge ready to absorb and soak in everything.

What I quickly noticed was that people were very guarded and defensive, especially more so to foreign based Sudanese. I can understand their feelings, in the sense that they can be fearful of being potentially replaced or whatever.


But I felt that this went beyond all that. I got the feeling that people were to comfortable in their “current” jobs. There was no push to develop new skills, or a clear career progression. Training and development seemed not properly planned or well thought out.

Obviously this was only a temporary outsiders view of the way things were, and also I have to say that my last internship in Sudan was in 2010 so things may have changed by now. Or at least I hope they have.

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Ideas, Abilities, Dreams, Gifts

On your death bed imagine if u were surrounded by the Ghosts of your: ideas, abilities, dreams, gifts; Given to u by life!

How would that conversation go? Chase your dreams, use your gifts, hone your abilities and build your dreams. You only have one chance at life, have no regrets, live life to the fullest.

Make sure you are living your life. The past is not the now, and the future is it the latter now. So there is only the now!

The best advice I ever read was by Sir Richard Branson, “If anyone asks you if you can do something, say yes, you can always learn how to do it later.”

I have always tried to grab hold and take every opportunity presented to me, and the only regret I believe you can never get over is the regret of not have tried. So try everything is what I live by.

Build your dreams, don’t spend your life building someone else’s. Live your live, don’t spend your life living someone else’s.


By: Ashraf Khalifa

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Doctors & Round Abouts


I was having a interesting debate with a Sudanese friend of mine. We were discussing this rather interesting phenomenon and fixation with Sudanese and Drs.

Everyone and their dog wants their kid to be a doctor. The pressure on then is intense, especially if one of the parents is already a adr. And the amount of universities opening up all over Sudan is intense.


So our debate was why people would want to be Drs in this country when there was no work, with hundreds of fully qualified Dr’s driving taxis and rickshaws. I just found the whole concept quite bizarre.


And then why they don’t the medical profession seriously at all. Especially the doctors that have been abroad and gained experience and knowledge and training before coming back.

His anwser shocked me, and I realized its not a doctor thing but a general mentality outlook.


He said I will put it to you this way: you know when your living in the UK or Canada or Europe. When you get in your car do you ever drive without your seat belt? And I said no. He then asked what about when your driving around town you follow the road rules. I said yes.


He said exactly there’s the problem. You see our problem in medicine is the round about mentality.


And its mentality that as soon as we come to Sudan we get sucked in and regress to the way people are driving rather than maintaining their training and level.

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Land of Diversity

Sudan is a a very special place, and what makes it very special is that it is quite an unknown place in that most people have never heard of it or have much of an idea of where it is. Unfortunately I didn’t get a chance to grow up their, but i would regularly visit during my summer and winter holidays.


Sudan is situated in North Eastern Africa, just bellow Egypt. The Sudan I knew growing up was the largest country in Africa and the 9 largest in the world. It was the country surround/bordering the most countries in the world with 8 (Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Eritrea.


What makes Sudan especially amazing and unique is its vastness and diversity with over 500 different tribes and ethnicities and over 200 spoken languages and dialects. Currently the two most poplar and widespread are Arabic and English, however Arabic has been the official language for the past 30 years.

images (1)

Unfortunately with all this diversity there is inevitably tension, disagreement and that potentially bubbles over and can lead to conflict. And in Sudan’s case it tends to bubble over quite easily. Sudan has had to longest running civil war in Africa history and that is saying quite a lot due to Africa’s bloody past.


The fighting has mostly between traditional things such as land for grazing and housing, as well as representation and power sharing between all the different tribal groups and areas. But has often been painted and downplayed as a very simple Arab vs African issue or a Muslim vs Christian problem but the issues are a lot more complex.


Enough about the negativity lol


Sudan also has the oldest civilization in the world which are known as the Nubian and Kush empires, and were historicaly more powerful than the old Phaoronic Egyptian empires with a much larger land mass, cities and riches. Sudan contains over 300 pyramids compared to Egypts 80 as well as more archeoloical sights and spots.


Sudan also has the best and most underground and untouched diving spots in the world of the coast of Port Sudan. A city port opening onto the Red Sea. As well as a vast and diverse wild animal range, the majority of which can be seen at Dinder National Park.

images (2)

That is why I recommend everyone to come down and experience this magical place for themself!

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Black people
The passage of time
But the world must know
That blacks are the owners of the oldest human civilization
Kush civilization .. the land of Cush
Should be proud of every man in this Black Civilization
Kush was in iron smelting by seven thousand years from birth ..
Europe was asleep in a deep sleep .. these scientific facts ..

By Tito

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The Forgotten Pyramids


Around 1000 BC, following the collapse of the New Kingdom in Egypt, the Nubian kingdom of Kush re-emerged as a great power in the Middle Nile. Between 712-657 BC, Nubian kings conquered and ruled Egypt as the XXVth Dynasty. By about 300 BC, the center of the kingdom had shifted south to the Meroe region in central Sudan, where the pyramids and tombs were built to house the bodies of their kings and queens. These pyramids, often referred to as the Nubian pyramids or the Pyramids of Kush, were built to serve as tombs not only for the kings and queens of Meroe, but also for priests and high-ranking officials of Nubia who commonly had small pyramid structures placed on top of their graves.

Due to the lack of archeological work in Sudan, only a few Nubian pyramids have actually been dated and explored. These pyramids are located in three different sites, totaling between 220 to 228 pyramids, which is more than double the total number of the ancient Egyptian pyramids; however the exact number of pyramids in Sudan (Nubian Pyramids) cannot be known since many have weathered away and are no longer identifiable. The oldest known Nubian pyramid is dated back to the eighth century B.C. This pyramid, located at el-Kurru, is identified as belonging to Pharaoh Piankhy (747-716 BC).

Numerous differences can be identified between Egyptian and Nubian pyramids; Egyptian pyramids had their tomb-chambers cut within their pyramid structures, while the tomb chamber of the Nubian pyramids were dug under the ground, below the pyramid structures. Heights and steepness of the pyramids also differ greatly.


The Pyramids at Nuri; located west of the Nile in Upper Nubia. This cemetery contained 21 kings, together with 52 queens and princes. Taharqa, the king of the 25th Dynasty was the first king to build his tomb at Nuri, and it is the biggest pyramid ever built at the site.

Due to the reverse direction of the Nile there, Taharqa’s tomb [in Nuri], which is still on the “west” bank, paradoxically lay to the east, the place of sunrise and rebirth. Gebel Barkal, on the “east” bank, lay paradoxically to the west, the place of sunset and death. The tomb and the mountain, thus, symbolized creation, death and rebirth simultaneously. They were opposites, yet they were also the same. All of the opposites, in fact, were perceived to be united in Gebel Barkal and its pinnacle became synonyms: present and past, upperworld and underworld, living and dead, east and west, north and south, male and female, god and goddess, father and mother, parent and child, god and king, etc.

The Pyramids of Meroe; between the 5th and 6th cataracts. During the Meroitic Period, over forty kings and queens were buried at Meroe. Forty generations of Nubian royalty are buried in Meroe, and every royal Nubian tomb is housed within a pyramid. The Meroitic South cemetery contained the tombs of three kings, Arikakaman, Yesruwaman, and Kaltaly, as well as six queens. Several hundred yards to the north, the Meroitic North cemetery held an additional 30 kings and 6 queens, successors of the South cemetery group. Their tombs, built under steep pyramids, were all badly plundered in ancient times, but pictures preserved in the tomb chapels tell us that the rulers were mummified and covered with jewelry and laid in wooden mummy cases. The larger tombs still contained remains of weapons, bows, quivers of arrows, archers’ thumb rings, horse harnesses, wooden boxes and furniture, pottery, colored glass and metal vessels, and other things, many of them imported from Egypt and the Greek and Roman worlds. Meroe belongs to the most important monuments of the beginning of civilization on the African continent. Queen Bartare (260-250 B.C.) was the last monarch to be buried in Meroe.

All the tombs at Meroe have been plundered most infamously by Italian explorer Giuseppe Ferlini (1800-1870) who smashed the tops off 40 pyramids in a quest for treasure in the 1820s. Ferlini found only one cache of gold. His finds were later sold, and remain at the museums in Munich and Berlin.

The Pyramids of el-Kurru; The first Nubian pyramids were built at the site of el-Kurru. The site at el-Kurru contains the tombs of King Kashta and his son Piye (Piankhi), five earlier generations, together with Piye’s successors Shabaka, Shebitqo and Tanwetamani and 14 pyramids of the queens.


With the finished construction of the Aswan High Damin 1968, and the flooding of the Nubian homeland, the last of the Nubian people were forced to leave the area that extended south along the banks of the Nile from Aswan in the north to the Sudanese border 290 miles south.

Unfortunately, the likelihood of further archaeological study at any sites in Nubia is all but impossible because many of the primary areas of investigation now lie under 250 feet of water, at the bottom of Lake Nasser. Over 150,000 Nubians and Sudanese were forced to relocate off the land their ancestors had called home for over 5,000 years. Over 45 Nubian villages were washed away along the banks of the Nile south of Aswan.

There is no way to estimate the total number of temples and tombs which now lie at the bottom of Lake Nasser, nor is there any way of knowing the many secrets these structures currently hold. Because of the creation of the Aswan Dam, the world will never have an opportunity to study the full impact Africans from the southern Nile Valley had on the development of ancient Egypt and subsequent civilizations.

Additionally, in our current times, theft is an ongoing problem that threatens the preservation of the treasures hidden within the pyramid sites. A number of international preservation organizations and academic institutions, with minimum support from the Sudanese government, are struggling to maintain and insure the security of the country’s valuable historical sites that form an essential part of the global human heritage.

Brief Historical Background on the Kingdom of Kush:

About 1450 BCE, the Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III extended his conquests to Gebel Barkal and established it as the southern border of his empire. The city he founded there was called Napata. The Egyptians remained only about 300 years. Later Napata became the seat of royal authority of an independent Nubian kingdom called Kush, and from about 720 to 660 BCE its kings conquered and ruled Egypt as the 25th Dynasty. Napata was the political capital of Upper Egypt (northward to Memphis) during the late-8th-century reign of Piyankhy (or Piye). After the Kushites were driven out of Egypt, Napata continued as an important royal residence and religious center until about 350 BCE, when the kingdom finally collapsed.

To date, we know of three successive kingdoms of Nubia (aka Kush), each with its own capital: the Kingdom of Kerma (2400-1500 BC), that of Napata (1000-300 BC), and finally that of Meroe (300 BC-300 AD).

How to get there:

If you’re planning to visit the Nubian Pyramids of Sudan, here are a few personal guidelines.

  1. If you’re non-Sudanese, make you sure you check with the Sudanese Embassy in your country in advance for the Visa requirements and how long it might take.
  2. Visiting the Meroe site is the easiest. It’s only about a 2 hour drive north of Khartoum. There’s an “Italian” tourism agency that can provide you with a driver that can take you there, they will also book a room for you at a camp-like hotel which is right opposite to the site. I would highly recommend spending a night there and enjoy the peace of the site at night.
  3. The Nuri site is within the city of Kareema. The same tourism agency can also provide you with day trips there. It’s about a 3-4 hour drive from Khartoum.
  4. If you prefer not to take the Tourism Agency trips, make sure you take a driver who knows the way. Most of these sites are about 15-30 minutes off-road.
  5. Make sure you plan everything ahead of your trip there and also keep in mind changes in plans are inevitable in Sudan.




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Land of Kush

I Negro
I’m Black
I was coming from the land of Cush
Land Exum
Sudan homeland for all races and cultures .. 
Came from the land of Abyssinia
From the heart of Africa
Or the roots of native origin Black Black August .. I have eyes like you .. I have a mind like you would your family do Ahacpk including me my family
Neutral Wrong. Neutral ashamed. Came Find fair, love and peace
I’m not a hateful
I’m not a hater
I have looted the land
Join my ancestors stole …..
I’m from the pyramids built.


By: Tito AlfKi

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